About Mongolia

Mongolian Cashmere

Mongolia remains one of the few nations in the world that has continuously preserved and nurtured its rich natural landscapes for its nomadic culture to emphasize the co-dependence of the two for thousands of years.
The landlocked country is located in between the borders of Russia consists of 21 provinces and a separately-administered capital city, Ulaanbaatar. 40% of Mongolia’s modest population of 3.3 million citizens are based in the capital city; and the rest of the population are spread out through the remaining 21 provinces to secure the agricultural processes of the economy.
Mongolia’s staggering 70 million livestock population highlights the importance of the agricultural processes in the country. Often referred to by nomads as the “five star animals,” sheep, goats, horses, cattle and camels are raised and bred commercially primarily to produce meat, wool and cashmere.
As a result of this substantial farming culture in the country, it gives 30% of Mongolia’s labor force the opportunity to make a living in micro-agricultural conditions. This section of the labor force is thus required to live a nomadic lifestyle to meet the needs of their animals.
The “five-star animals” often dictate the migrating lifestyle of nomads during the four different seasons throughout the year. Dependent on the climate, nomads migrate at least four times in an average year; and sometimes more than 10 times in years of drought.
Mongolia’s geographical landscape is extremely versatile, as southern regions are primarily made up of cold deserts suitable for herding camels, whereas northern and western regions are extremely cold and mountainous--suitable to farm goats and sheep. A large portion of the mainland consists of grasslands that are advantageous to cow and horse herders.

What is Cashmere?

Cashmere’s fine fibers are a luxury material made from the soft undercoat of cashmere goat’s found prominently in Asian regions such as Mongolia, Tibet, Northern India, and Southwest China. In comparison to sheep’s wool, cashmere possesses more breathable, heat-retaining and insulating properties that come as a result of its soft, light and fine fibers. The appropriate mixture of these characteristics makes cashmere extremely appropriate for the production of apparel suitable for cold weathers.
Cashmere’s versatility in product application is another reason for its popularity. Its ability to retain heat allows producers to create upscale apparel for cold climate locations. Its delicate and lightweight feel permits comfortability for the wearer while still feeling luxurious.
In recent years, synthetic materials have began to substitute many apparel fibers such as wool due to its deficiency of biodegradable properties. However, the organic and sustainable manner that cashmere is processed and manufactured in designates a long-lasting standard for cashmere. Its lack of substitutes that can offer the same quality and properties as cashmere itself verifies its uniqueness and assures its continuity in the worldwide market.

Mongolian Cashmere

Mongolia’s extremely harsh and dry weather has proven to be an advantage in the production of fine cashmere. High quality fine cashmere is typically harvested from livestock that is nurtured in extreme weather conditions that range from from -40 to +40 degrees celcius. The Mongolian land’s dry and cold climate has the ability to jolt the goats’ glands, and is credited as a major factor in cashmere growth.
As the cold winter comes closer to an end and the warmth emerges, natural exfoliation begins to gently peel the cashmere off of the goat. Depending on how long this natural process takes, Mongolian herders comb the cashmere hair to ensure an efficient technique.
Researchers have confirmed the soft, light-weight, non-bacterial and moisture-absorbing properties Mongolian cashmere has to offer. Along with these features, they have also verified the 99% heat-retention and insulating properties that Mongolian cashmere is famously known for.
Erdenet Cashmere combines all these properties to provide its customers with a high-quality, stable and cost-effective product that is manufactured with great attention to detail and care.

Why is it so expensive?

Cashmere fibers are an extremely luxurious, therefore expensive item. The process of growing and manufacturing cashmere is the primary reason for its high cost. In particular, the sheer amount of cashmere that comes from a single goat annually is a mere 113 grams. To put this into perspective, it takes two goats per year to extract enough fabric to produce a single cashmere sweater.
The process of turning the fibers into yarn, then manufacturing the final product is a process that also adds to the cost of cashmere items. Once the fibers are sheared off each goat, they are sorted, cleaned and combed into straight lines. Each fiber is then spun into yarn to later be weaved into large textiles.
The necessity to repeatedly clean the fibers allow for the extra soft texture in cashmere products. This, mixed with the pure natural properties of cashmere products itself justify the costly price.